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Maturita z angličtiny 2018 zdarma online

Didaktický test z angličtiny online. Maturita z angličtiny. Přečtěte si blog Bena Meltona o japonštině. Na základě informací v textu vyberte k úlohám vždy jednu správnou odpověď . Zdroj:

Otázky k testu:

1) 1. Japanese language
by Ben Melton

‘Knowing Japanese opens the door to a fascinating new world! You’ll be able to learn basic things in as little as six months.’ That’s what I read in an advertisement in a newspaper when I decided to learn Japanese. I didn’t believe it then, but the advertisement was actually right. I understood the grammar rules very quickly as they weren’t difficult. What I had problems with was understanding how sentences are made. One of the reasons was that I had to be careful who I was speaking to – whether someone older or younger than me. That’s why realizing how to put words together was the most difficult part for me to learn. Pronunciation, the usual difficult thing for students to learn, was easier than I’d expected. Even learning to write the Japanese symbols wasn’t as hard as learning to create sentences.

When I visited Japan for the first time, my Japanese was still poor. However, even if you can use only a few Japanese phrases, you’ll be surprised how friendly and talkative the Japanese are. It wasn’t unusual for them to walk with me to my destination, even though they were originally going in the opposite direction. On the other hand, when they heard me say “Excuse me” in English, they just disappeared. I found out that it wasn’t because they didn’t want to help me, they just felt ashamed that they couldn’t speak English well enough. So knowing some basic Japanese phrases before my first trip to Japan proved useful.

Before returning to Japan, I decided to improve my Japanese with a tutor. Many people recommended that I study with a native speaker. So I tried several teachers whose mother tongue was Japanese but when I asked them something in the lesson, they only repeated the previous lecture. They were almost like actors and sometimes they seemed to have a hard time answering even simple questions. Studying with them was boring and tiring, so in the end I decided to study with a teacher whose mother tongue wasn’t Japanese. The lessons were exciting and effective at the same time because he was able to answer all my questions. That was because he had learned Japanese as a foreign language, too.

I first came into contact with Japanese culture at the age of 12 through films about karate. I liked the atmosphere of the films. But to start studying the language, you need stronger motivation. That came after I attended a course about the tea ceremony, a traditional practice in Japan. I learned to prepare and serve tea with attention to every detail. The teacher also told us why and how things were done during the ceremony. I became friends with the Japanese teacher and his assistants and although they spoke very good English, I suddenly wanted to be able to communicate with them in their language about things other than tea. That’s why I signed up for Japanese lessons. Today, I often travel to Asia because of my work projects. When I’m in Japan, my Japanese business partners believe I learned the language because of them. Although my reasons weren’t that practical, speaking the language now definitely is: I can watch my favourite Japanese films about karate without subtitles.

It’s not only the language that’s interesting. It’s the way the Japanese behave, too. We shake hands, they bow. We exchange business cards using one hand, they use both. We do business in an office, they do it in the pub. I could go on and on with more and more various examples like these. There would be myriad things on my list of examples, as many things as there are stars in the sky: impossible to count.

What was the hardest thing for Ben about learning Japanese?

2) 2. How did the Japanese react to Ben when he started speaking English to them?

3) 3. What does Ben say about native speakers as teachers?

4) 4. Why did Ben start to learn Japanese?

5) 5. What is the meaning of the word myriad in the last paragraph?

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